Make Your Career Soar

darpa_glider_thermalThe Fundamentals of Hypersonics (FOH) short course provides a comprehensive training experience in the basic principles, technologies and methodologies pertaining to the multi-disciplined realm of hypersonic flight.

Key technical topics covered in this course include: hypersonic aerodynamics, hypersonic flow physics, high temperature gas dynamics, aerodynamic heating, plasma effects, boundary layer transition, aeroacoustics, and flight vehicle force and moment characteristics.  However, course material extends beyond basic hypersonics, covering a myriad of other multi-disciplinary topics that are intimately related to hypersonic flight, including: airbreathing propulsion systems, thermal protection systems, aerothermoelastic black_brant_XXIeffects, planetary entry, stage separation and atmospheric models.

Participants will acquire a sound understanding of hypersonic aerophysics and the effects of the hypersonic flight environment on vehicle loads and performance, including a consideration of both continuum flow and rarefied flow aerodynamic effects. They will also acquire an understanding of the basics of hypersonic air breathing propulsion and the importance of having an accurate aero-propulsion force accounting system. Finally, participants will come to appreciate the extensive and impressive history of hypersonic flight and its influence on both current day and projected hypersonic programs.


  • Hypersonic Gas Dynamics
  • Aerodynamic Heating
  • Aeroacoustic Effects
  • Plasma Effects
  • Airbreathing Propulsion
  • Continuum Flow Aerodynamics
  • Transitional Flow Aerodynamics
  • Rarefied Flow Aerodynamics
  • Equilibrium Effects
  • Non-Equilibrium Effects
  • Viscous Interactions
  • Thermal Protection Systems
  • Hypersonic Vehicle Design
  • Boundary Layer Transition
  • Planetary Entry Vehicles
  • Atmospheric Models
  • Jet Interaction Effects
  • Force Accounting Systems
  • Aerothermoelasticity
  • Stage Separation
  • Rail Gun Technology
  • Historical Flight Programs

The Fundamentals of Hypersonics (FOH) short course is an intensive 5-day training program that provides a maximum training experience to aerospace professionals with minimum time away from work.

Fundamentals of Hypersonics Module Overview

  1. Compressible Flow Review: Conservation laws, perfect gas law, normal shocks, oblique shocks Prandtl-Meyer flow, conical flow.
  2. Hypersonic Gas Dynamics: Gas models, temperature effects, chemical reactions, continuum flow, free molecule flow.
  3. Hypersonic Aerodynamics: Newtonian theory, pressure methods, skin friction methods, lift and drag, rarefied flows.
  4. Hypersonic Aerothermodynamics: Stagnation heating, heat transfer modes, body shape effects, thermal protection, plasma sheath.
  5. Boundary Layer Transition: Boundary layer transition phenomena, linear stability theory, wind tunnel noise effects, boundary layer transition prediction.
  6. Aeroacoustic Phenomena: Flowfield effects, body shape effects, sound pressure level, probability density function.
  7. Air-Breathing Propulsion: Turbojets, ramjets, scramjets, energy food chain, hypersonic cruiser, transatmospheric vehicles.
  8. Stage Separation: Staging method, staging loads, aerodynamics, stored elastic energy, nozzle side load effects.
  9. Jet Interaction Effects: Flow phenomenology, amplification factors, key parameters, similitude factors, aero modeling.
  10. Planetary Entry: Ballistic entry, lifting entry, entry corridor, entry vehicles, planetary atmospheres.
  11. Flight Aerodynamics Extraction: 6-DOF forces and moments, mass properties, accelerometer measurements, rate gyro measurements, atmospheric effects.
  12. Historical Flight Programs: X-15A-2, X-17, X-20A, X-43A, ASSET, Project PRIME, FIRE, RAM-C, SPRINT Missile, Reentry-F, Space Shuttle Orbiter, Galileo Entry Probe.


This course is best suited for individuals with academic or professional experience in aerodynamics and gas dynamics.

General Requirements

  • 1st Year College Calculus
  • 1st Year College Physics
  • Basic Aerodynamics
  • Basic Compressible Flow

Suggested WEA Preparatory Courses

J. Terry White Curriculum Vitae

J. Terry White is the founder, senior advisor and former president of White Eagle Aerospace. His 50 years of professional aerospace experience includes the NASA Space Shuttle Program, NASA X-43A Flight Research Project, and the United States Navy STANDARD Missile Program.  During his far-ranging professional career, Terry has served on the engineering technical staff of Rockwell International, General Dynamics Corporation, Hughes Missile Systems Company, NASA Dryden Flight Research Center and Raytheon Missile Systems.  In addition, he has served as an engineering consultant to numerous corporate and private aerospace enterprises.

Terry is a subject matter technical expert in the disciplines of  aerodynamics, 6-DOF aerodynamics models, aerothermodynamics, hypersonics, flight simulation, and flight testing.

Terry previously served as manager of the Aerodynamics Department in the Guidance, Navigation, and Control Center at Raytheon Missile Systems in Tucson, Arizona. In this capacity, he was responsible for all aerodynamics work performed at the world’s largest tactical missile producer.  He concluded his career with Raytheon in 2010 as a Senior Engineering Fellow in Aerodynamics.

Terry has authored more than 180 technical papers on a wide variety of aero-science and aerospace subjects. His teaching credentials include 15 years as an instructor in the Aerospace Engineering Department of the California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, 10 years as an instructor in the professional development program at Raytheon and 17 years developing and teaching technical courses at White Eagle Aerospace. Those who have taken Terry’s courses say that he brings an extensive technical knowledge and uncommon instructional skill to the training environment.

Terry is particularly well-known for his inspiring aerospace history presentations, which are intense, technically relevant reviews of significant events in United States aerospace history. He has lectured extensively on aerospace history topics at the USAF Test Pilot School, the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, academia and industry.

Terry and his wife Phyllis reside in Oro Valley, Arizona. They are the happy parents of five remarkable children and the grateful grandparents of nine delightful grandchildren.

Schedule an On-Site Course

We provide on-site short courses for businesses and government organizations. Individuals who wish to attend a course should contact us here.

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